Phonological and Phonemic Awareness – What is it?
I can hardly even say it – let alone know what it means LOL!!!!
If your brain works a little like mine (in ‘mysterious’ ways !!!!), I hope the following explanation helps…
Thanks to Sue for clarification of the following terms…..
* Phonological Awareness – is a broad concept that not only includes phonemic awareness (see below) but also encompasses awareness of things like words, rhyme, syllables and onset and rime.
* Phonemic Awareness – is the ability to hear, say and manipulate sounds in words and is a sub-skill of phonological awareness.
* Phonics – involves making the connection between the single sounds (phonemes) and their related letter patterns (graphemes) when reading and writing
I find it easier to view Phonological Awareness and related Literacy Skills in 4 basic stages of awareness and development:
Stage 1: Babies – approximately 0-1 years
Welcome to the World! – sounds which come out of my parents’ mouths mean something – I might give making sounds a try!
Stage 2: Infants/Toddlers – approximately 1-4 years
Wow, Rhyming is Fun! – making up silly rhymes and songs – I can listen for and hear similar rhyming sounds!
Stage 3: Preschoolers – approximately 3-7 years
Amazing – Sounds can be Written Down! – the sounds I hear when I talk can be written down so others can read them….
Stage 4: School Age / Adults – approximately 7 years and onwards (never ends…..)
Incredible – Sounds can be written down in more than one way !
The charts highlight the most common graphemes (it would go on forever if every possible grapheme was listed, and be way too overwhelming for littlies – we all know what the English language can be like!!).
OK – for words such as ‘course’ the vowel phoneme /or/ is represented by the grapheme ‘our’ – not on the /or/ sound chart. Sue explains that she tells her students this is another way to spell the phoneme /or/ and it is added to a class ‘uncommon’ graphemes list… Thanks Sue !
CLICK ON IMAGES TO DOWNLOAD PHONOLOGICAL / PHONEMIC AWARENESS CHARTS
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